There is no way of discussing innovation in the classroom or entrepreneurship education without including the teacher. They are the ones who conduct the student’s learning. And if we are talking about new competencies required to prepare students for the 21st century, the same is true for teacher training. But how do we achieve the appropriate training?
As Luciano Meira, co-founder of Joystreet, points out, the educator who adopts an entrepreneurial approach ensures that students achieve more effective results inside and outside of the classroom, in addition to creating new learning scenarios. However, for this to happen, it’s necessary to have a proactive attitude and act like a leader, organizing knowledge in way that is meaningful for the student.
According to Entrepreneurship Education – A Guide for Educators, which was prepared in 2013 for the European Commission — DG Enterprise and Industry by ICF GHK : GHK Consulting Ltd., the educator must follow five steps:
Understand the importance of entrepreneurship
Teachers who are still being trained must take advantage of the opportunity to experience entrepreneurship learning and develop skills and methods that enable them to be innovators. It’s important to begin a career as an educator with an awareness of the entrepreneurial attitude and be able to transmit its importance to students, in turn inspiring them.
Graduate from institutions with an entrepreneurial vision
Teacher-training institutions must transmit a broader vision of entrepreneurship, the education of which must be integrated with all subjects, in a broad approach, and not dealt with in isolation in one subject.
Seek new pedagogies.
In order to act in an entrepreneurial manner, active learning based on the application of contemporary pedagogies is required, such as educational methods using concrete projects. In addition, non-traditional learning environments such as Fab Labs must be made available, removing students from the classrooms and placing them in situations that represent real life.
Work in schools that valorise the entrepreneurial spirit
The development of entrepreneurship in the initial stages of teacher training will not have a significant impact if they work in schools that don’t valorise the concept of entrepreneurship education.
Establish partnerships in the community
It’s not enough just to encourage entrepreneurial behaviour in the classroom. It’s essential that children, adolescents and educators have contact with companies, organisations and the community itself, where projects can be validated, and which support teaching programmes and entrepreneurship.