Education in Canada is prominent worldwide. The country is considered one of the ten countries with highest education levels, according to the International Student Assessment Program (Pisa). In order to share some of this experience, we’ve selected 5 facts about education in Canada that can help us understand this reference model and point out some possible ways to transform our education. Check them out on the slide post below.
In the province of Ontario, which concentrates 40% of the Canadian population, students are free to choose subjects according to their areas of interest since 14 years old. The subjects are distributed in three levels of difficulty, considering the purpose of the studies: academic (for those who want to go to the university), practical level (for young people who want to take a technical or vocational course, called “college”) or locally developed (focused on students who want to quickly enter the job market).
Canada attracts, year after year, a large contingent of immigrants, which has driven the country’s population growth in recent years. To have an idea, immigrants accounted for 80.5% of population growth in Canada, totaling 425,245 people. All of this has a direct impact on education: more than a third of Canadian students have one or both parents who are immigrant. For these children to integrate quickly, equality is a priority for education in Canada, with programs being modified to suit the profile of students in each region.
There is no national education system in Canada. Unlike Brazil, which has the Ministry of Education, Canadian provinces have the autonomy to create public policies and educational guidelines. In a country with continental dimensions, that makes all the difference. Even with decentralization, education policies are strict. As a result, even if each province were evaluated separately by Pisa, Alberta, Quebec, and British Columbia would be prominent worldwide and would rank, along with Singapore and Japan, in the top five places in science.
High salaries are attractive to education professionals in Canada and have a direct impact on the quality of education. In the city of Toronto, the average salary of a teacher is $ 20,000, which prevents these professionals from dedicating themselves to other jobs, and allow them to invest more in training and professional improvement. In the same city, teachers receive the equivalent of R $ 136,200 in retirement per year, which can be enjoyed from 54 years of age.
Another striking fact about education in Canada is the homogeneity of student performance: according to Pisa, the variation in grades caused by socioeconomic differences is only 9%. It is important to highlight that in Singapore the percentage is 17% and in France 20%. Once again, inclusive education policies are responsible for this outcome.
Did you know all these facts of education in Canada? To read more about education systems around the world, check out this exclusive interview with Kari Mantilla, a teacher training specialist in Finland.